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Home > Uncategorized > Ashraf Ghani: How Afghanistan’s President Ashraf Ghani went from hero to ‘villain-in-hiding’ | World Information

Ashraf Ghani: How Afghanistan’s President Ashraf Ghani went from hero to ‘villain-in-hiding’ | World Information

If anybody was imagined to know repair Afghanistan, it was Ashraf Ghani.
Earlier than changing into president in 2014, Ghani spent a lot of his life finding out increase development in poor nations. A Fulbright Scholar with a doctorate from Columbia College, he taught at a few of America’s elite educational establishments earlier than stints on the World Financial institution and United Nations. Later he co-wrote “Fixing Failed States: A Framework for Rebuilding a Fractured World.”
Ghani fled Afghanistan on Sunday, and on Wednesday, the United Arab Emirates stated he and his household have been within the Persian Gulf state “on humanitarian grounds.” The Russians claimed he left Afghanistan with 4 vehicles and a helicopter full of money. In Afghanistan he’s change into a villain: his central financial institution chief and key members of his administration have denounced him publicly. Efforts to succeed in him or his shut aides have been unsuccessful.
In some ways, Ghani’s swift downfall displays the broader failures of the US to impose a authorities on Afghanistan that had buy-in from a spread of competing energy brokers with an extended historical past of combating on the battlefield fairly than on the poll field. Though he was a Pashtun, the nation’s dominant ethnic group, Ghani was seen as an outsider who lacked the political contact to unite disparate factions, and he grew to become extra remoted over time.
“Ghani was not accommodating of the realities of how Afghanistan works,” stated Kabir Taneja, creator of “The ISIS Peril: The World’s Most Feared Terror Group and its Shadow on South Asia” and a fellow at Observer Analysis Basis in New Delhi. “He both didn’t perceive or couldn’t perceive the warlords, who’re primarily individuals representing ethnic fault traces.”
After the US invasion in 2001, Ghani returned to Afghanistan for the primary time in additional than a quarter-century, and served for 2 years as finance minister in an administration led by Hamid Karzai. Afterward Ghani grew to become a darling of the worldwide assist world, giving Ted Talks, penning op-eds in main newspapers and talking at conferences. At one level he was thought-about a candidate for UN secretary-general.
Following a failed bid for the presidency in 2009, Ghani linked up with a number of outstanding Afghan politicians — together with influential warlord-turned-vice president Abdul Rashid Dostum — to win the highest job 5 years later. However his victory was undermined from the beginning: John Kerry, then America’s high diplomat, flew to Kabul to dealer a unity authorities that gave his foremost rival the place of “chief government” — a title that seems nowhere in Afghanistan’s US-modeled structure.
In 2017, Ghani stated he had “the worst job on earth” in an interview with the BBC. Nonetheless, he claimed that Afghan safety forces had turned a nook in opposition to the Taliban and coalition forces would be capable to depart by 2021.
That turned out to be correct, simply not in the best way he predicted. President Donald Trump’s administration began direct talks with the Taliban in a bid to finish America’s longest conflict, and shut Ghani out of the method. Then this yr, after President Joe Biden set a withdrawal deadline for Aug. 31, Ghani resisted calls to step apart and permit a transitional authorities to take energy because the Taliban made navy advances.
“Ghani pretended to be for peace, however in actuality he was in favor of conflict with a purpose to stay in energy even when it price lives and pushed the Taliban to revert again to a navy possibility,” stated Omar Samad, former Afghan ambassador to Europe and fellow at Atlantic Council. “The delay techniques ruined the possibilities for a deal that may have eliminated him from workplace however would have paved the best way for a broad-based transition.”
‘I can’t flee!’
Because the Taliban descended on Kabul over the weekend, Ghani informed the people who he would keep away from the destiny of former king Amanullah Khan, who abdicated and fled to British India in 1929.
“I can’t flee!” Ghani stated at an occasion in Kabul on August 4, elevating his voice loudly. “I gained’t search protected haven and I can be on the service of individuals.”
But because the Taliban blitzed throughout the nation and marched to Kabul, Ghani appeared more and more remoted. In a video launched hours earlier than he fled, Ghani referred to as for the defence ministry to arrange phone helplines for residents to name.
After leaving, Ghani launched a Fb publish saying he exited the nation to keep away from bloodshed — a transfer that infuriated his cupboard.
“They tied our palms behind our backs and bought off the nation,” Bismillah Mohammadi, Afghanistan’s performing protection minister, stated on Twitter after Ghani fled. “Rattling to Ghani and his staff.”
With Ghani away, former president Karzai and different Afghan politicians are actually main talks with the Taliban in Doha on establishing a brand new authorities. One factor they’ll simply agree on: Disdain for Ghani.
“Ashraf Ghani has betrayed his personal motherland, staff and tribe,” Abdul Haq Hamad, a member of Taliban’s media staff, informed Afghanistan’s Tolo Information. “Such treason will at all times be remembered.”

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