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3. Meet Baradar, the Taliban chief calling the pictures


3. Meet Baradar, the Taliban chief calling the pictures
3. Meet Baradar, the Taliban leader calling the shots
  • Abdul Ghani Baradar, the Taliban’s de facto chief, is anticipated to be the face of the brand new Afghanistan regime. Baradar based the Islamist motion with Mohammad Omar — higher often called Mullah Omar — within the late ’80s in Kandahar.
  • The Taliban has not made clear what management construction it could set up in Afghanistan, however Reuters experiences it might be a ruling council headed by Haibatullah Akhunzada, with Baradar as one of many deputies.
  • Akhunzada is the ideological pillar (imam) and the Supreme Chief of the Taliban, however Baradar heads Taliban’s political workplace in Doha and signed the cope with the US in 2020 — the pact that led to the US withdrawal and in the end the collapse of the nationwide authorities.
  • There are different highly effective commanders inside the Taliban, most notably Sirajuddin Haqqani of the Haqqani community, which is designated a terrorist group by the US.
  • Haqqani, too, might be a deputy within the council; Mullah Omar’s son Mawlavi Yaqoob might be the third deputy. A deputy will play the function of “president”, senior Taliban commander informed Reuters.
  • Born in Uruzgan province, Baradar fought towards the Soviets alongside Omar, and served because the governor of a number of provinces after the Taliban swept to energy in 1996.
  • In 2002, following the US invasion, he fled to Karachi in Pakistan. From there, he deliberate assaults towards Western forces. Because the demise of Mullah Omar in 2013, Baradar is considered because the chief of the insurgency.
  • He was arrested in 2010 in a joint operation by the CIA and Pakistani forces in Karachi. In 2018, the US requested Pakistan to launch him because the Donald Trump administration started negotiating with the Taliban.

Different updates:

  • At the very least three individuals had been killed after the Taliban opened hearth at protesters in Jalalabad after they lowered the Taliban flag to lift the Afghan nationwide flag, a day forward of Afghanistan’s Independence Day.
  • The UAE stated it’s internet hosting former Afghan president Ashraf Ghani “on humanitarian grounds”.

International minister S Jaishankar to chair UNSC session on counter-terrorism; Gujarat Excessive Court docket’s interim order on state’s anti-conversion legislation; Monsoon set to revive in north India from right this moment, says IMD; Golfer Aditi Ashok to compete in AIG Ladies’s British Open; World Humanitarian Day

1. SC slams Centre & military, permits ladies to seem for NDA
1. SC slams Centre & army, allows women to appear for NDA
  • Asking the Military if it is going to “solely act when a judicial order is handed”, the Supreme Court docket (SC) on Wednesday handed an interim order permitting ladies to seem for the Nationwide Defence Academy (NDA) examination scheduled for September 5.
  • Directing the Union Public Service Fee (UPSC) to problem a brand new notification for the examination, incorporating the change, in mild of the brand new order, the SC requested it to “give due publicity in order that intent of the order is translated into impact.”
  • The court docket nonetheless clarified that the results of the examination might be topic to the ultimate adjudication of the petition searching for permission for girls to seem for NDA examination. Final yr, the SC had allowed Everlasting Fee for girls within the Indian Military.

Quote martial

  • “The military doesn’t consider in doing something voluntarily” — the SC to Further Solicitor Common Aishwarya Bhati when knowledgeable by the petitioner that the Centre’s affidavit stated that not permitting ladies to seem for NDA examination was “purely a coverage resolution and shouldn’t be interfered with by the court docket.”
  • “No because of you! You saved on opposing it! And until orders weren’t handed, you did not do something! The Navy and the Airforce are extra forthcoming! The Military appears to have a bias to not implement!” — when Bhati stated ladies have been given Everlasting Fee within the Military.
  • “The endeavour is to steer the military to do issues itself! We would like if the Military did somethings itself, slightly than us passing orders! However there was no success” — the SC, referring to the order final yr granting Everlasting Fee to ladies.
  • “Why must you say the yet another extra supply of entry is closed for girls? It’s not only a gender precept however discriminatory in any other case additionally!” — the SC, countering Bhati when she stated that ladies had been solely permitted into the Military through the Officers Coaching Academy (OTA) and the Indian Army Academy (IMA).
2. Why the Collegium picks are trigger for heartburn
2. Why the Collegium picks are cause for heartburn
  • In a late Tuesday night assembly, a five-member Supreme Court docket Collegium comprising the CJI and Justices UU Lalit, AM Khanwilkar, DY Chandrachud and LN Rao really useful Justices Hima Kohli (CJ of Telangana HC), BV Nagarathna (Karnataka HC), Bela M Trivedi (Gujarat HC), AS Oka (Karnataka HC CJ), Vikram Nath (Gujarat HC CJ), JK Maheshwari (Sikkim HC CJ), CT Ravikumar (Kerala HC), MM Sundaresh (Madras HC) and the one one from bar — former extra solicitor basic PS Narasimha — for appointment to the apex court docket.
  • With the retirement of Justice Navin Sinha on Wednesday, the SC has a working power of 24 judges. If the Centre appoints all of the names, the SC can have a working power of 33 judges towards a sanctioned power of 34.
  • The skew: The appointment of Justice Kohli would take the variety of judges within the SC from Delhi to 4, whereas Justice Oka’s appointment would bolster to 5 the variety of SC judges with Bombay as their mother or father HC. Justice Nagarathna would take Karnataka HC illustration in SC to 3; Justice Nath would take Allahabad HC illustration in SC to additionally three.
  • Learn simply six states — Maharashtra, Delhi, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu — would account for greater than half of the judges within the prime court docket, whereas many others would go unrepresented.
  • The 9 suggestions have additionally brought on appreciable heartburn amongst many senior judges, who’ve been heading excessive courts for a very long time and stand outdated by a lot youthful judges of the HCs who weren’t appointed as CJ of a HC. The outdated chief justices of the HCs additionally belong to states, which have gone unrepresented within the SC for lengthy.
  • Nonetheless: That is the primary time that the Collegium has chosen 3 ladies judges. Ultimate appointments will imply that India would possibly get its first lady Chief Justice in Justice Nagarathna when it turns 80 in 2027. It’s going to even be the second occasion of two generations of a household heading the judiciary after the Chandrachuds.
4. Why LPG costs went up 17 days late
4. Why LPG prices went up 17 days late
The hike

  • Home cooking gasoline (LPG) value was elevated by Rs 25 per cylinder on Wednesday — the second straight month of enhance in charges.
  • The value has cumulatively risen by Rs 165 per cylinder since January 1 and greater than doubled since March 2014.
  • Although petrol crossing the century mark has made greater headlines, costs of cooking gasoline and kerosene, the 2 fuels which hearth many Indian kitchens, have risen way more sharply.

The lacking subsidy

  • After the newest enhance, home ‘subsidised’ LPG now prices Rs 859 per 14.2-kg cylinder in Delhi, or greater than double of Rs 410 in March 2014. Equally, a refill will price Rs 859.50 in Mumbai, Rs 886 in Kolkata and Rs 875.50 in Chennai.
  • There’s hardly any distinction within the charge of subsidised and non-subsidised cooking gasoline.

The ‘delay’

  • LPG value is normally revised on the primary of each month. However this time, apparently, the state-run gas retailers raised the value of non-subsidised LPG on August 1 however left home refill costs unchanged.
  • That was due to the oil ministry’s ‘nudge’ to keep away from drawing Opposition flak in Parliament, which was in session. Because it had been, the Opposition was already urgent for a debate on excessive oil costs.

The politics

  • The Congress requested how would a beneficiary of ‘Ujjwala Yojana’ purchase a cylinder at Rs 800 when 97% of persons are incomes lower than what they had been incomes three years in the past, and 23 crore individuals have slipped under the poverty line.
  • It stated the value of a gasoline cylinder as per Saudi Aramco Index ought to truly be Rs 600 and residents had been being charged Rs 260 per cylinder further, calling it ‘immoral’ on the a part of the federal government.
5. Ravinder Takkar is the CEO of which well-known Indian firm?
  • Clue 1: It’s the third-largest cell telecommunications community within the nation by subscribers.
  • Clue 2: It is also the one telecom firm in India providing end-to-end Web of Issues (IoT) options
  • Clue 3: Headquartered in Mumbai, the entity was shaped as a merger of two firms in August 2018.

Scroll under for reply

6. Shashi Tharoor discharged in Sunanda Pushkar demise case
6. Shashi Tharoor discharged in Sunanda Pushkar death case
  • A Delhi court docket on Wednesday discharged senior Congress chief Shashi Tharoor in a case associated to his spouse Sunanda Pushkar’s demise. Pushkar was discovered useless in a set of a luxurious resort within the metropolis on the evening of January 17, 2014.
  • Tharoor was charged beneath Sections 498A (husband or relative of husband of a lady subjecting her to cruelty) in addition to 306 of the Indian Penal Code by Delhi Police, however was not arrested within the case.
  • Tharoor was granted anticipatory bail within the matter by a Classes court docket on July 5, 2018. Following that order, a magisterial court docket transformed the anticipatory bail into common bail after he appeared earlier than it on July 7 in pursuance to the summons issued by the Metropolitan Justice of the Peace within the matter.
  • Reacting to the decision, Tharoor stated the ruling brings a major conclusion to the “lengthy nightmare which had enveloped” him after the tragic passing of his spouse.
  • Not like an acquittal, wherein the accused cannot be rearrested for a similar case based mostly on the identical information wherein acquittal has been granted, in a discharge an individual will be rearrested.
7. Meghalaya: Human rights chief to probe alleged encounter
7. Meghalaya: Human rights chief to probe alleged encounter
  • Former chief justice of Tripura and Meghalaya human rights fee chairperson T. Vaiphei will head the judicial inquiry into the demise of a former militant in a police operation, Meghalaya chief minister Conrad Sangma stated following a gathering with group leaders in a bid to revive calm following the unrest within the area. Sangma requested the delegation of the Voice of the Folks of Mawlai to permit the judicial inquiry to take its personal course.
  • Shillong had witnessed violent protests, together with stone-pelting of the Central Reserve Police Pressure, for days after Cherishterfield Thangkhiew, a former militant of the Hynniewtrep Nationwide Liberation Council (HNLC), was killed by the police. Petrol bomb was hurled at Sangma’s vacant personal residence.
  • Banned in 2000, HNLC is a separatist group searching for the liberation of the Khasi tribe, notes South Asia Terrorism Portal. The highest management of the outfit relies in Bangladesh.
  • Thangkhiew, 56, had formally surrendered in 2018. However on August 10, an IED blast rocked Shillong’s Laitumkhrah neighbourhood, injuring two. Meghalaya Police say they’ve a “clear indication” of Thangkhiew’s function within the blast, and one other one in July, the Indian Specific experiences.
  • In accordance with the police, throughout a raid at his home, Thangkhiew attacked the police with a knife and was killed in retaliatory firing. Thangkhiew’s sons allege it was a pretend encounter. A “black flag day” was noticed on August 15, the day of his funeral, by his sympathisers.
8. India to ratify world pact on refrigerant
8. India to ratify global pact on refrigerant
The choice

  • The Centre on Wednesday accepted India’s ratification of the Kigali Modification to the Montreal Protocol on phasing down climate-damaging refrigerant Hydroflurocarbons (HFCs). The modification to steadily cut back use of HFCs by the late 2040s was adopted by 197 international locations in Rwanda in October 2016.

The plan

  • India will full its part down of HFCs, utilized in air-conditioners, fridges and insulating foams, in 4 steps from 2032 onwards with cumulative discount of 10% in 2032, 20% in 2037, 30% in 2042 and 80% in 2047 over 2024-26 baseline.
  • Completely different international locations have completely different part down plans beneath the Protocol. The developed international locations together with the US, Canada, west European nations and Japan will cut back HFC use first, adopted by China after which by 10 growing international locations together with India, Iran, Iraq and Pakistan.

The influence

  • General, the motion is anticipated to cut back HFC use by 85% by 2045 over completely different baselines by completely different international locations. It’s anticipated to stop the emission of as much as 105 million tonne of carbon dioxide equal of greenhouse gases, serving to to keep away from as much as 0.5 diploma Celsius of worldwide temperature rise by 2100, whereas persevering with to guard the ozone layer.

The treaty

  • The Montreal Protocol is a global environmental treaty for cover of the ozone layer by phasing out the manufacturing and consumption of synthetic chemical compounds known as ozone depleting substances (ODS).
9. Jhingan indicators for HNK Sibenik in Croatia’s top-tier league
9. Jhingan signs for HNK Sibenik in Croatia's top-tier league
  • Sandesh Jhingan, the reigning All India Soccer Federation (AIFF) males’s footballer of the yr, accomplished his transfer from ATK Mohun Bagan to HNK Sibenik on Wednesday, changing into the primary India worldwide footballer to play within the Croatian top-tier league.
  • Based in 1932, HNK Sibenik returned to the premier division (Prva HNL) final season beneath new administration. The membership completed sixth within the league, two locations off qualifying for European competitions. Based mostly out of Sibenik, the Dalmatian area of Croatia, it is at present positioned eighth within the 10-team league after 5 matches within the ongoing season.
  • The 28-year-old defender debuted within the prime division with United Sikkim in 2011. In 2014, aged 21, he was adjudged because the ‘Rising Participant of the League’ within the inaugural version of the Indian Tremendous League.
  • After that, he quickly cemented his place within the nationwide group, with whom he has 40 caps. The defender has two ISL runners-up medals with Kerala Blasters FC the place he spent six years and one other with ATK Mohun Bagan, who he joined final yr.
  • Rating replace: ATK Mohun Bagan acquired its AFC Cup marketing campaign off to a successful begin on Wednesday because it rode on targets from Roy Krishna and Subhasish Bose to earn a 2-0 win over Bengaluru FC.
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Vodafone Concept. Because it fights a determined survival battle amid heavy losses and mounting debt, the telcom main has didn’t pay the complete licence charge to the federal government for the primary quarter of this fiscal, with a shortfall of almost Rs 150 crore. That is the second quarter of delayed funds by the corporate in the direction of its licence charge, and can result in a recent penalty and dues demand over and above the almost Rs 1.6 lakh crore that it has to already pay to the Division of Telecom.

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Written by: Rakesh Rai, Judhajit Basu, Sumil Sudhakaran, Tejeesh N.S. Behl
Analysis: Rajesh Sharma

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